Thermotherapy is the application of heat and/or cold therapy using heat carriers such as hot water bottles and cooling agents such as cooling pads. Cooling compresses are very suitable for sprains or bruises. A hot water bottle can help to relax cramped muscles. The aim of the therapy is to stimulate or slow down the blood flow in a part of the body in order to speed up the healing process and relieve pain. Through the targeted use of heat or cold, acute or chronic pain, inflammation of muscles, tendons, fascia, capsules, joints and the skeleton can be treated. For the different forms of therapy there are, for example, hot water bottles, moor cushions, warm & cold compresses and instant cold compresses. Depending on the type of complaint, a distinction is made between a warm and a cold application. The thermotherapy treatments with our products for everyday use can be easily and quickly implemented at home. But when do you reach for a hot water bottle and when for a cooling compress?
What is meant by heat therapy
The treatment of a heat therapy is predominantly perceived as very beneficial. The muscles can relax due to the heat supplied and the body's own metabolism is stimulated. The transport of oxygen and the absorption of nutrients as well as the release of waste products are increased and thus pain is gently relieved. Injured tissue can heal faster due to an increased release of messenger substances. It is also possible to strengthen the immune system. ¹ As a rule of thumb, heat therapy should be used for older or chronic complaints.
Which heat carriers are available for everyday use and what is the application?
Hot water bottles:
DThe classic is the hot water bottle, which comes in different sizes and shapes, with and without a cover. It is perfect for relieving muscle tension or for relieving pain in case of cramps. When manufacturing the hot-water bottles, you should make sure that they are made of natural rubber which does not contain any petroleum.
In our shop you will find moor cushions in different sizes for larger and smaller parts of the body such as neck, shoulder, stomach and back. The cushions are filled with natural moor that stores the heat for a very long time. After the bog has been pierced, it is pressed together and covered with a skin-friendly and permeable layer. You can either heat the bog pillow in the microwave (2 - 3 min at max. 600 watt) or in hot water or you can also put it in the freezer for cooling.
The compresses are suitable for both cold and heat treatment. For heat treatment you can simply heat the compress in a water bath or microwave (4 min at max. 280W) and then place it on the painful area.
When can you use heat therapy?
Here you can see for which illnesses and complaints it is useful to counteract with heat:
- Diseases of the musculoskeletal system in the chronic stage
- Bechterew's disease (chronic inflammatory disease)
- Muscle Tensions
- Chronic painful or inflammatory processes
- Restlessness and nervousness
- High blood pressure
- Myogeloses (hardening of the muscles - hard tension)
- Myalgia (localised muscle pain)
- Slipped disc
- Strained muscles
- Menstrual cramps
How does the heat therapy work?
Heat therapy is generally considered to be very beneficial and contributes to relaxation and well-being. In the body, the application of heat primarily stimulates blood circulation and metabolism.
The heat treatment
- relaxes and loosens the muscles
- improves the elasticity of the connective tissue
- promotes blood circulation
- lowers high blood pressure
- increases the metabolism
- provides for more flexible joints
What is cold therapy?
Treatment with cold can relieve pain by narrowing blood vessels, reducing blood flow and slowing down the metabolic process. Cold therapy has an effect on muscle tension. A brief application of cold increases the tension of the muscles. If cold therapy is applied for a longer period of time, the muscles relax. If there is inflammation, nerves and pain receptors are temporarily blocked. A cold treatment can be particularly helpful in the case of acute pain and complaints.
Which products are suitable for cold therapy in everyday life and how are they used? Cold and warm compresses:
Cold and warm compresses:
For sprains or bruises, compresses are suitable, which you can put in the fridge and freezer before use. The compresses are also used for heat treatment.
Pillows with a pure moor filling are a natural product. Moor treatments have been used for thermotherapy for a very long time. You can simply put the pillows with the compressed moor in the fridge. But they are also suitable for heat application.
Instant cooling compresses:
The instant cooling compresses are particularly easy to use. To relieve pain, you only have to bend them and apply them to the painful area. One application usually takes 20 minutes.
When do you use the cold therapy?
By slowing down the metabolism, cold therapy is suitable for the following injuries and diseases:
- In the inflammatory phase of rheumatic diseases
- For fever reduction
Any more questions? Our trained medical product advisors are available to you on the telephone number + 49 7152 - 353 911- 0 from Mon-Fri from 9-17 o'clock.