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TENS in case of Migraines

Migraine is a common type of headache - in Germany alone, it is estimated that up to 18 million people are affected. It is characterized by intense headaches, nausea, hypersensitivity to external stimuli and in some cases even visual disturbances. Migraine is more painful than other types of headache, can recur at regular intervals and therefore often has an impact on the daily life of those affected. There are many different forms of treatment for migraine, a lesser known of which is electrotherapy. The application of TENS electrotherapy can be an effective, pain-relieving solution for the treatment of migraine. Electrical impulses with low intensity are generated by the TENS device and transmitted to the nerve fibres of the pain zone. The electrical stimulation of the nerves causes an immediate effect. The stimulation current blocks the transmission of the pain signal to the brain and the headache is relieved. This mechanism of action, generated by a current of high frequency and low intensity, is suitable for acute and localised pain. It is therefore particularly suitable for the treatment of migraine headaches.


What are the benefits of an electrostimulator in the treatment of migraines?

There are several therapeutic solutions for people with chronic migraines: relaxation, acupuncture, biofeedback and often medication. The latter are often associated with risks and side effects. As an alternative to permanent medication, TENS pain therapy has many advantages, both as an acute and as a preventive solution for the treatment of migraines:

In contrast to drugs, there are no dangerous side effects with electrotherapy. If necessary, the application can be repeated several times a day.
The treatment of migraine with electrotherapy is a non-invasive and painless method and is therefore generally recommended.
The use of a TENS electrostimulator is practical and inexpensive: a high-quality device is powerful and reliable for long-term use and in the long run noticeably cheaper than continuous medication.
A stimulation current treatment can be used in the prevention of migraine and significantly reduce the frequency of occurrence of migraine attacks.

Note: There are circumstances in which the use of an electrostimulator is strongly discouraged. Stimulation current should not be used by pacemaker wearers, pregnant women or people with epilepsy.


A TENS stimulation current therapy can provide relief for migraine and alleviate the symptoms. TENS can be applied continuously as required without harmful side effects, significantly reduce the need for medication and thus save money.

Using a TENS electrostimulator to relieve migraine pain is straightforward:

  1. Place the appropriate electrodes round Ø 3.2 cm on the right place on the face.
  2. Select the appropriate program or TENS mode. For the treatment of migraine, the classic TENS with the gate control function is suitable. The TENS EMS Combo Device STIM-PRO X9, for example, has the program P07 for the treatment of migraine. On other TENS device the manual TENS mode N can be used with high frequency.
  3. Switch on the TENS device and set the intensity and duration. Please refer to the operating instructions of your device. The intensity should be set low, so that you only feel a slight tingling sensation - then the stimulation current already develops its effect.

Note: When using electrotherapy for headaches, it is recommended that you use the stimulator at the first sign of migraine.

 TENS - Electrode placement for migraines

TENS device application


The program P07 is generally used here.

Find out more about the Application with the STIM-PRO X9

TENS Device STIM-PRO T-400

The program  P07 is generally used here.

Find out more about the Application with the STIM-PRO T-400


The programs P02 and P03 are generally used here.

Find out more about the Application with the STIM-PRO COMFORT

Sources and scientific studies

¹Allais, G., De Lorenzo, C., Quirico, P. E., Lupi, G., Airola, G., Mana, O. & Benedetto, C. (2003). Non-pharmacological approaches to chronic headaches: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, lasertherapy and acupuncture in transformed migraine treatment. Neurological Sciences, 24(S2), s138–s142.

²Brønfort, G., Haas, M., Evans, R. L., Goldsmith, C. H., Assendelft, W. J. J. & Bouter, L. M. (2014). Non-invasive physical treatments for chronic/recurrent headache. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 10.

Do you still have questions regarding the correct electrodes placement?

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